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Surgical Procedures

Cataract surgery

As the eye ages and you move into presbyopia, the lens in the eye becomes less transparent to see through – almost like a window that fogs up.
In cataract surgery, the lens inside your eye that has become cloudy is removed and replaced with an artificial lens (called an intraocular lens, or IOL) to restore clear vision. The procedure typically is performed on an outpatient basis and does not require an overnight stay in a hospital or other care facility.
Your visual outcome after this surgery will also be explained to you very carefully.
Some patients still need some reading spectacles or distance spectacles after the surgery.
A remaining refractive error after the surgery can also be corrected with Excimer Laser refractive surgery.

Pterygium removal

Pterygium, also known as surfer's eye, most often refers to a benign growth of the conjunctiva. A pterygium commonly grows from the nasal side of the conjunctiva. It is usually present in the palpebral fissure. It is associated with and thought to be caused by ultraviolet-light exposure (e.g., sunlight), low humidity, and dust. The predominance of pterygis on the nasal side is possibly a result of the sun's rays passing laterally through the cornea, where it undergoes refraction and becomes focused on the limbic area.


Conjunctival auto-grafting is a surgical technique that is an effective and safe procedure for pterygium removal. When the Pterygium is removed the bare sclera is covered with conjunctival tissue that is surgically removed from an area of healthy conjunctiva. The "self-tissue" is fixated using tissue adhesive and therefore no sutures are needed.


Oculoplasty is the reconstruction of an eyelid or surrounding area. This consists of the repair of an ectropion (out-turning eyelid), entropion (in-turning eyelid), ptosis (drooping top eyelid) and blepharoplasty.


Blepharoplasty is a functional surgical procedure to improve the discomfort caused by excessive loose skin on the upper eye lids. Apart from discomfort, it can also cause visual disturbances and peripheral field loss.
In some cases where peripheral visual field loss can be confirmed by visual field tests, the medical aid may consider to partially cover the procedure.